The nose contains many blood vessels. These blood vessels are locatedclose to the surface in the front and back of the nose. They are very fragile and bleed.
Nosebleed, also known as epitaxis is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose. It is usually notice when the blood drains out through the nostrils, however, heavy bleeding can fill up affected nostril and go into the nasopharynx, the nasal section where the two nostrils meet.
Trauma is seen as a primary cause of nosebleed. But epitaxis may have multiple causes including a broken or cracked nose, presence of a foreign body in the nose, allergic rhinitis, high blood pressure, common colds and many others.
Bleeding in the nose is the primary symptom of nosebleed. Dizziness, confusion, light-headedness, and fainting are also signs of excessive blood. These can be accompanied by other signs of bleeding, such as gum bleeding when brushing teeth, easy bruising, and bleeding in urine and stools. Among the aforementioned, easy bruising is the most indicative of a medical problem.
Nosebleed can be controlled at home. Direct pressure stands as an effective way to stop the bleeding. This is done by applying pressure to the front of the nose. Nasal decongestants are available as treatment options for nose bleed. A person can also use vaseline or ointment to the front of the nose.
Nosebleed can also be stopped via positioning. According to Medicine Net, the person lens forward slightly with his head titled forward. The person should also spit out any blood that may gather in the throat and mouth. Also, the person should gently blow the blood clots out of the nose.
Saline spray is also an answer to epistaxis. One can make the saline solution at home by mixing a teaspoon of salt into a quart of tap of water and is then boiled for 20 minutes. Then, it is cooled until lukewarm.
It is vital to seek medical care and consult from health professionals if the episode happened for the first time or if it happens often.
Please follow and like us: