The Great Pyramid of Giza was once covered in highly polished white limestone, before it was removed to build mosques and fortresses – HealthyTipsAdvice

The Great Pyramid is one of the wonders of the ancient world, and remains a marvel of engineering. 

Did you know, however, that it used to look much different?

It’s true! The Great Pyramid was once finished with white “casing stones” – highly polished pieces of white limestone, each of which was cut specifically to give the pyramid a required flat gleam and perfectly smooth finish.

Those blocks, however, have almost all since been removed.

Partially, this is the result of a massive earthquake, which shook loose many of the outer stones in 1303 AD. 

Those stones were carted away by Bahri Sultan An-Nasir Nasir-ad-Din al-Hasan for mosques and fortresses in Cairo in the decades after, and most of the rest of the casing stones were later removed in the early 19th century by Muhammad Ali Pasha, who used them to finish his Alabaster Mosque in Cairo.

A few limestone casings remain, however, though, and later explorers have also reported massive rubble piles left by the continuing collapse of the casing stones.

A few of the remaining casing stones can still be seen around the base.

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